Why Should You Care about ADLs if You Love Someone with Alzheimer’s?

BayView Senior Assisted Living: Best Senior Living Community Near You

At Bay View Assisted Living (and at our partner locations, Mesa View Senior Assisted Living and Harbor View Senior Assisted Living) we strive to provide compassionate, individualized care, preserving our residents’ dignity at every stage of their Alzheimer’s journey. We’re committed to holistic care that engages our residents on emotional, mental, and spiritual as well as physical levels. 

Defining ADLs

This month we’re talking about a term called ADLs (activities of daily living) and why they matter for someone with Alzheimer’s or dementia. In medical settings, ADLs are also sometimes referred to as BADLs (basic activities of daily living). You can understand ADLs as the basic actions a person needs to perform as they get out of bed in the morning, get ready to leave the house, and go about a typical day. 

Listed below are six essential components of ADLs:

  • The ability to feed oneself
  • Being able to perform oral care, taking care of skin and hair, and personal hygiene 
  • Using the toilet. This includes being able to clean oneself and get on and off the toilet without assistance
  • Choosing appropriate clothing for the day and dressing without help
  • Functional mobility. This refers to the ability to move from one place to another in order to complete someone’s daily routine (eg: getting out of bed without assistance, walking to the bathroom, standing up from a chair). 
  • Bathing or showering 

How Do IADLs Differ from ALDs? 

IADLs are instrumental activities of daily living. While these are not essential for functioning at a basic level, it’s important that an individual be able to perform these activities if they are moving into an independent living community (or living independently). 

The following list is not exhaustive, but these are some of the primary abilities that are considered to be instrumental activities of daily living. 

  • Managing medication 
  • Managing finances
  • Preparing meals and getting groceries. Many older adults use grocery home delivery services so living indepently would mean being able to use the technology to order groceries online. 
  • Basic daily care for the home: laundry, dishes, etc. 
  • Ability to use a computer or phone 

Why Do ADLs and IADLs Matter? 

ADLs are a helpful benchmark in assessing how a person is coping with their memory loss. If family members or caregivers notice someone starting to lose basic skills, it can be an indication that new or different care is needed. Of course, as Alzheimer’s progresses, ADLs will be lost, however, many things can be done to delay the progression. 

Being in the socially and mentally stimulating environment of a care community can help individuals with Alzheimer’s retain as much independence as possible for as long as possible. With physical environments designed uniquely for their needs, tailor-made schedules, and specially trained staff, care communities are safe and secure environments for Alzheimer’s affected individuals. 

San Diego’s Top Memory Care and Senior Care Community 

BayView Senior Assisted Living in Point Loma, California is one of the top assisted living facilities in the greater San Diego area. We’re known for our compassionate caregivers, beautiful grounds, and personalized, individualized care. We consider it an honor to walk alongside families as they traverse the challenging and heartbreaking journey of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. 

We understand that our residents’ holistic experience of life (social, spiritual, emotional, mental, physical) is incredibly important. Our compassionate caregivers provide top-notch, individualized care to each of the members of our memory care communities. 

We are consistently rated the best senior living community in San Diego! Get in touch with us today to schedule a COVID-safe tour.